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Constitutional Amendments of the Pakistan Consitution 1973

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Name of the Act: The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1974
Date of enactment: May 8, 1974
Articles amended: 1, 8, 17, 61, 101, 127, 193, 199, 200, 209, 212, 259, 260,
272, and amendment of First Schedule
Nature of amendment: Most important amendments were to Article 1 where clause (2) was deleted from the constitution. This clause referred to the representation of East Pakistan in the Federation of Pakistan. Since Bangladesh had been recognized by Pakistan this amendment became necessary.

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Name of the Act: The Constitution (Second Amendment) Act, 1974
Date of enactment: September 21, 1974
Articles amended: 106 and 260
A new clause was added after clause (2) in Article 260.
Nature of amendments: Amendment dealt with the definition of Muslim and Non-Muslim for legal purposes.

………………..
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Third Amendment) Act, 1975 [XXII of 1975]
Date of enactment: February 18, 1975
Articles amended: 10 and 232
– clauses (4), (5) and (7) of Article 10
amended.
– paragraph (b) of clause (7) in Article 232
Nature of amendments: – Amendment constituted to curtail the rights of Detainees in cases of preventative custody and increased the powers of the detaining authorities.
…………………….
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Fourth Amendment) Act, 1975
Date of enactment: November 25, 1975
Articles amended: 8, 17, 19, 51, 54, 106, 199, 271, 272, 273, First schedule and Fourth Schedule
Nature of amendments: Amendment to ensure limiting the powers of High Courts in interfering with cases related to preventative detainment.
…………………….
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Fifth Amendment) Act, 1976 [ LXII of 1976 ]
Date of enactment: September 15, 1976
Articles amended: 101, 160, 175, 179, 180, 187, 192, 195, 196, 199, 200, 204,
206, 212, 260, 280 and First Schedule.
Nature of amendments: Major amendment related to the status of the Governors, The Chief Justice and the discretionary powers of the High Courts and Supreme Courts.
…………………
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Sixth Amendment) Act, 1976 [ LXXXIV of 1976 ]
Date of enactment: January 4, 1977
Articles Amended: 179, 195, 246, 260
Nature of amendments: Amendment to extend the stay of the Chief Justices of Supreme Courts and High Courts beyond their retirement limit in case their tenure had not been completed by that time.
………………..
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1977 [ XXIII of 1977 ]
Date of enactment: May 16, 1977
Articles amended: 101, 245
New Article inserted: 96 A [ceased to remain in force after September 30, 1977]
Nature of amendments: Amendment for the institution of a referendum in order to seek public confidence in the Prime Minister.
……………………
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Eight Amendment) Act, 1985 [ XVIII of 1985 ]
Date of enactment: November 11, 1985
Articles amended: 48, 51, 56, 58, 59, 60, 75, 91, 101, 105, 106, 112, 116, 130,
144, 152 A, 270 A and addition of new Schedule, the Sixth Schedule.
Nature of amendments: Amendment to increase the overall powers of the President
………………..
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Tenth Amendment) Act, 1987 [ I of 1987 ]
Date of enactment: March 29, 1987
Articles amended: 54 and 61
Nature of amendments: Under amendment of Article 54 and 61 working days in a
year of National Assembly and the Senate were
curtailed form 160 to 130.
……………
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Twelfth Amendment) Act, 1991 [ XIV of 1991 ]
Date of enactment: July 28, 1991
New Article inserted: 212 B
Provisions amended: Fifth Schedule.
Nature of amendments: Amendment to constitute special courts for heinous crimes as well as increase the pay of Court Judges.
…………………….
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act, 1997 [I of 1997]
Date of enactment: April 3, 1997
Article amended: 58, 101, 112, 243
Nature of amendments: Amendment to withdraw powers of the President and Governors to dissolve National and Parliamentary assemblies.
…………………….
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act, 1997
[XXIV of 1997]
Date of enactment: July 3, 1997
New Article inserted: 63A
Nature of amendments: Insertion of Article 63A to provide disqualification of a member of Parliamentary party on the ground of defection.

———————-
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Fifteenth Amendment) Act, 1998
Date of enactment: August 28, 1998
New Article Inserted: 2B
Nature of Amendment: In view of the fact that the Objectives Resolution is now substantive part of the Constitution. it is necessary that Quran and Sunnah are declared to be the supreme law of Pakistan, and the Government is empowered to take necessary steps to enforce Shariah.
———————-
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1999
Date of enactment: August 5, 1999
New Article Inserted: 27
Nature of Amendment: Quota system was extended for another 40 years, i.e until 2013, in order to safeguard minorities and civil rights.
——————–
Name of the Act: The Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2002
Date of enactment: August 21, 2002
New Article Inserted: 41, 58, 112, 152A, 179, 195, 243, 268 and 270AA
Nature of Amendment Amendments made to the constitution for the perpetuation of Rule by Gen. Musharraf. These amendments were augmented by the inclusion of the Legal Framework Order (LFO) into the constitution.

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Written by redtribution

September 26, 2007 at 4:56 am

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