The Rebel Road…

I know you’ve come to kill me. Shoot, coward, you’re only going to kill a man. – Ernesto Che Guevara

The Continuing Relevance of Marxism-Leninism.

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It is important to keep in mind in any historical analysis of the position taken by Marx, Engels and, later, Lenin. that these are positions of Marxists; positions of individuals whose analytical tool was the “class” and the inherent conflicts between these classes. The utter strength of character of these individuals, coupled with their unwavering belief in their ideology created a very powerful mix; a nexus for the revolutionary struggles of oppressed people around them. In this context, their struggle was against not only the Bourgeoisie of a single country, rather an international war against all forces of oppression especially Imperialism. Therefore the aim of this article is to analyze the concept of the imperialist chain, in light of its creation due to colonialism and its sub- causes. Furthermore the idea of the viability of the critique offered by Marxists, against this global chain of imperialism and the colonial and Neo-colonial policies of the global oppressors, and its extreme importance in the contemporary world shall be explained.

The theory of surplus value was presented by Marx and Engels in 1864 in their research, in the course of their scientific research into the methodology of oppression that the Capital bearing Bourgeoisie class employed against the Proletariat. Marx, however, did not present the concept of “Imperialism”, neither was it defined or referred to in their works. It was Lenin who, in his book Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, explained the scientific definition of “imperialism” in 1916. Lenin defined imperialism as the highest; the monopoly stage of capitalism. Imperialism, as a stage in the societal evolution of man, enters during the expansion of colonial states; indeed during the period of time that the great world powers decided to slice the globe amongst them. This led to the increasing concentration of capital; to a stage when finance capital became dominant over industrial capital.

Lenin specifies five characteristics of the stage of imperialism: Firstly, the concentration of production and capital develops to such a high stage that it has creates monopolies which play a decisive role in economic life. Secondly, the ensuing merger of industrial capital and bank capital leads to the creation of finance capital and consequently to the formation of a financial oligarchy. Thirdly, the manner in capital export (different from commodity export to foreign markets) acquires over-riding significance. It is precisely this, that leads to the formation of monopoly associations on an international scale; associations which share the resources of the world among themselves and the subsequent territorial division of the globe, which comes as a consequence of this colonial heritage.

Today, capitalism has arrived at a stage when it has in reality been undermined and the bulk of the profits go to the “geniuses” of financial manipulation. This is not to say that, commodity production is still not a functional tenant of capitalism indeed it continues to be regarded as the very foundation of economic life. It does not take a genius to figure out that the basis of all progress, indeed of all of human civilization’s immense triumphs, has been human effort… it has been labor. It is, therefore, ironic that those who realize progress i.e. the workers; those whose hands herald the future stand outside poor and starving while the fruits of their labor are enjoyed by scavengers… the capitalists.

Surplus, thus accumulated by the exploitation of labor, is sent abroad to countries where capital is limited, prices of land and wages lower and raw materials cheaper; resulting in ever increasing profits. One must understand this need in light of the objective conditions of the Capitalist himself; a capitalist has a dire need to export his capital due to the simple fact that in the most developed countries capitalism has created its own contradictions; it has awoken the working class’s consciousness and made it difficult to reap super-profits from heavy exploitation.

It is Economics, itself, the law of economies of scale which sets forth that any enterprise which is able to increase its plant size; increase the sheer magnitude of its production will be able to drive out its competition from the market; that it would establish a monopoly. No one contests the fact that capitalism usually begins with free competition. It is this free competition which progressively leads to a concentration of production and eventually leads towards monopoly formation. So we can generalize that the first stage of capitalism is Petty-Bourgeoisie production which goes on to become Bourgeoisie production and finally social production. Monopolies by their very nature are contrary to the foundations of capitalism; nay are the greatest contradiction of capitalism.

Qualitatively speaking, Imperialism is quite dissimilar to the methods of free competition between manufacturers. A point has been reached where the level of resources through out the world can be instantaneously established. This is not mere fiction; indeed such estimations are made and multi-national corporations seek benefit from controlling these resources. A similar estimation is made of the capacity of markets and of labor (skilled and otherwise). It is in this manner that every form of resource is monopolized. Capitalism in its imperialist stage leads directly to the most comprehensive socialization of production. This means that against its very founding principles, capitalism, defines a new social order; a transition from totally free competition to absolute socialization.

The productive process is socialized with the incorporation of ever greater numbers of the proletariat. However in contrast to this “socialization” of the means of production, The ownership of these means gets concentrated into ever fewer hands, into a narrow, select cabal of monopolists. Although legitimized in the guise of free-competition, it is anything but. Thus the clout of the cabal of monopolists manifests itself and increases the burden upon society a hundred-fold.

The phrases one hears today, those of private property, free competition, justice, fairplay and democracy… all are mere lip service with which the media Mongols, capitalists themselves, deceive the workers and the peasants This is the reality of capitalism, a system that has grown as the cause and result of colonialism and the oppression of the world’s majority by a well armed minority.

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Written by redtribution

August 19, 2007 at 9:23 pm

Posted in Imperialism, Marxism

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